Biomass Energy

The use of biomass (e.g., solid biomass, bio-fuels) provides a good opportunity to increase the share of renewable energies in Europe. At the same time, it is necessary to adapt the use of biomass to climate change.

For example, climate change puts additional pressure on forests especially if they are not well ecologically balanced. Main problems are monoculture, lack of mixed age structures or inadequate species. To change the management is a necessity but gives on the other hand an opportunity for enhanced biomass production. There has to be a balanced strategy for the biomass yield and the demand so there is no negative effect on the prices. Extreme weather events can influence that strategy for instance by additional wood supply after severe storms or heavy snowfall. In some regions a change of agriculture management makes sense because of new market conditions but also climate change.

Master plans to identify critical locations and necessary measures to enhance the adaptation potential in forests including advice services and incentives are useful. In addition, biomass action plans to enhance the use in all sectors and to optimise the biomass market concerning supply and demand including measures in the case of extreme weather conditions are helpful.

Biomass district heating station (City of Altötting)