Medium Density Housing Including Mixed Use

Higher housing densities are a way of improving the overall energy efficiency of the urban area. General urban consolidation and more intensive mixed use of local activity centres close to public transport nodes help restrict the amount of land used for building and are likely to reduce travel as well as emissions from transport.

However, responding to climate change adaptation requires space within and around buildings. But if planned well, with the use of tree cover and landscaping, this can provide parallel opportunities to lower carbon emissions and, in addition, store CO2 in trees and vegetation.

Medium density housing, including mixed use and green areas, is likely to lead to a reduction in greenhouse gases and most probably contribute to adaptation.