Traffic Reduction by Integrating Transport Modes

Cities can make a substantial long-term contribution to the prevention of car traffic if they consider this aspect in the planning process early. Urban development planning is a key determinant of demand for mobility: it is essential whether it is a compact city; where the various functions - residential and commercial, services, education and recreation - are located and how they interconnect; whether public transport is available for newly developed areas, etc.

The integration of transport modes can substantially contribute to reduce traffic and make it become less carbon-intensive. In addition to this mitigation benefit, the reduction of direct heat from individual cars reduces the urban heat island effect in summer and thereby contributes to adaptation.